News Report One
New York State plans to shut off the thundering waters of Niagara Falls—again. At least, the American side of the falls. This “once in a lifetime” event actually may take place twice in some folks ’lives. The New York State parks system wants to turn off the falls on the American side sometime in the next two to three years  to replace two 115-year-old stone bridges that allow pedestrians, park vehicles and utilities access to Goat Island.
The American side of the falls were shut off in 1969 to study the build up of rock at the base of the falls. When that happened, people came from all over the world to see the falls turned off. People are curious by nature. They want to see what’s underneath. In fact, those who first came to have a look did see something.  They found millions of coins on the bottom.
1. Why?does?New?York?State?want?to?turnoff Niagara?Falls?
2. What?did?people?find?when?Niagara?Falls?were ?shut?off?in?1969?
News Report Two
The Tunisian government said Monday that 45 people have been killed after gunmen attacked a town near the border with Libya.
The Interior and Defense ministries said that  the Tunisian government has closed its two border crossings with Libya because of the attack.?The Tunisian military has sent reinforcements and helicopters to the area, and authorities have been hunting several attackers who were still at large. The violence came amid increasing international concern: about Islamic State extremists in Libya. Officials of the Tunisian government are especially worried after dozens of tourists were killed in the attacks in Tunisia last year.
Defense Minister Farhat Horchani said last week that  German and American security experts were expected to come to help Tunisia devise a new electronic video supervision system on its border with Libya. Tunisia was targeted last year by three attacks that left 70 people dead and were claimed by Islamic State.
3. What did the Tunisian government do after the gunmen’s attack?
【干擾項排除】A項"中止與利比亞的外交關系"在錄音并未提及，應排除；B項"敦促游客立即撤離突尼斯"及D項"發動對伊斯蘭國的猛烈攻擊"是利用新聞原詞tourists, Islamic State捏造的干擾選項，均與錄音不。
4. What were German and American security experts expected to do in Tunisia?
News Report Three
Three university students in Santiago, Chile, have developed a plant-powered device to charge their mobile phones.
 The three engineering students got the idea for the device while sitting in their schools courtyard. Their invention is a small biological circuit they call E-Kaia.  It captures the energy which plants produce during photosynthesis?— a process of converting sunlight into energy. A plant uses only a small part of the energy produced by that process. The rest goes into the soil. E-Kaia collects that energy. The device plugs into the ground and then into a mobile phone. The E-Kaia solved two problems for the engineering students. They needed an idea for a class project. They also needed an outlet to plug in their phones.
One of the student inventors, Camila Rupcich, says the device changes the energy released from the plant into low-level power to charge phones. The E-Kaia is able to fully recharge a mobile phone in less than two hours.
5. What did the three university students invent?
6. When did they get the idea for the invention?
7. What does the speaker say about the invention?
M: Good morning. What can I do for you?
W: Good morning. Could I talk to Jeffry Harding please?
W: Hello, Jeff. It’s Helen. ?I got your message on the answering machine. What’s the problem?
M: Oh, Helen. Well, it’s the Grimsby plant again, I’m afraid. The robots on Line 3 have gone wrong. And the line is at a standstill.
W: Can't you replace them with the stand-ins?
M: I’m afraid not. The stand-ins are already in use on line 6. And the ones from Line 6 are being serviced.
W: When did this happen, Jeff?
M: Well, they’ve been making a low continuous sound for a day or two. ?But they finally went dead at 2:30 this afternoon.
W: I see. What did you do? Have you tried the whole plant?
M: Not yet, Helen. ?I thought I’d better get your OK first.
W: OK. Get on the phone to Tom, and try to get their stand-ins over tonight. We have to be back at full capacity tomorrow morning. Is it a major job to repair our robots?
M: About a week. That’s what the maintenance engineer says.
W: Right. Well, if you can get the ones from Hall, please ask Tom to inform Sheffield that he may need their stand-ins in case of emergency during the next week.
M: OK. Thank you very much, Helen.
W: You are most welcome.
M:  Sorry to spoil your day off.
W: It doesn’t matter.
8. What?did?the?man?do?before?the?telephone conversation?
9. What?does?the?man?say?about?line?3?in?the Grimsby?plant?
【干擾項排除】①四個選項都是以It作為主語，結合關鍵production?line, assembles, stopped ?working可預測本題可能跟生產線有關。②A"它是最先進的生產線"中的the?most modern錄音并未提及；B"它組裝超級智能機器人"在錄音中并無依據，可排除。D"它很快會被更新"中的upgraded在錄音中并未提及，可排除。
10. What is the man’s purpose in calling the woman?
[A] 【解析】題目問男士打電話給女士的目的。錄音中，男士提到，他認為自己應該先得到女士的許可（I thought I’d betterget your OK first），由此可知，男士打電話的目的是尋求女士的許可（to seek her permission），故A為答案。
11. Where is the woman at the time of the conversation?
【干擾項排除】①四個選項都是女士的相關情況，結合出題順序規律，因此應留意結尾處提及的女士的情況。四A項的"on duty"上班。與錄音的day off"休假"剛好相反，可排除、錄音中只提到女士在休假，并未提及是sick leave"病假"，排除C。D項"她在國外出差"無錄音依據，也排除。
W: This is Kerry Burke from New York Daily News. I’m speaking to Delroy Simmonds, an unemployed Brooklyn man who missed a job interview Tuesday for the best of reasons:  He was saving the life of a 9-month-old boy who was blown into the path of an oncoming subway train by a high wind.
M: Everybody is making me out to be some sort of superhero. I’m just an ordinary person, and a father of two. Anybody in that situation would have done what I did.
W: You were going to an interview, when the incident occurred, right?
M: ?Yes. I was on my way to apply for a maintenance position. [l3] I’ve been looking for a job for a year and more.?I’m looking for something to support my family.
W: Tell us what happened at the station.
M: [l4] There was a strong wind. It had to be 30 to 40 miles an hour.There?was a woman?with? four?kids. One was in a pushchair. The wind blew the baby onto?the tracks.
W: Witnesses said people were looking on in horror  as the child’s mother, identified by sources as Maria Zamara, stood frozen in shock. In the distance,? people could see the?? train rounding a bend, headed into the station. I guess you were not aware of any of ?these, right?
M: No. I just jumped down and grabbed the baby. The train was coming around the comer as I lifted the baby from the tracks. I really wasn’t thinking.
W: What an amazing story. Thank you very much.
12. What did Kerry Burke from New York Daily News say about the man?
【干擾項排除】①四個選項的主語都是He，因此可推斷本題問男士的情況。②B"他想成為一位超級英雄"與錄音男士提到的"我只是一位普通人" (I’m just an ordinary person)不符，可排除。C的train crash"火車相撞"在錄音中并未提到，可排除。男士是施救者，不是目擊者(witness)，因此D也不正確。
13. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
14. What caused the incident?
15. How did the mother react when the incident occurred?
[A]【解析】題目問事故發生時，母親有何反應。錄音提到，事故發生時，男孩的母親驚嚇得站在那里一動不動 (stood frozen in shock), A 項中的 motionless是錄音frozen的同義表達，故選A.
【干擾項排除】①四個選項都以She作主語，結合選項關鍵詞cried Bitterly, called the police, shouted for help可推斷本題可能與某位女士在發生某事后的反應有關。②B項"她痛苦大哭"、C項"她馬上報警"和D"她呼喊人們幫助她"在錄音中均未提及，可排除。
There’s one sound that gets a big reaction from kids on a hot day, the sound of an ice-cream truck. Maria McCartney has been in the mobile ice-cream business since 2005.
 “When I was a little girl, I saw an ice-cream truck and knew I wanted to have one someday,” McCartney said.
During the hot days of summer, Maria and her daughter drive an ice-cream truck through neighborhoods and parks in Billings. It’s not about making money for this former elementary school teacher. Rather,  she wants to preserve the tradition of the neighborhood ice-cream truck.
“Truly my favorite part is to see the kids jumping up and down and they just get so excited. It’s great to build a memory for them too. There’s not a lot f these ice-cream trucks around anymore. The parents come out bare foot and screaming, ready to buy ice-cream; they remember when they were?? kids and they saw a truck she said. While the treats may be ice cold, Maria has a warm heart for??? little faces.  Her truck features a donation bucket for kids who don’t have money for ice-cream.
“When there are three kids and only two of them have money, I always make sure the third one gets something because I can’t drive away and have that third one not have something,” she said.
16. What does the speaker say about Maria McCartney?
【干擾項排除】①選項都是以She為主語，結合ice-cream business, ice-cream truck等關鍵詞可推測本題可能與某女士的冰激凌生意或冰激凌卡車有關。②A項"她繼承了家族在比林斯的冰激凌生意"和C項"她創業做冰激凌生意是為了供女兒讀書"在錄音中均來提及，可排除。錄音并未將她對冰激凌生意和對在小學教書的愛作對比，故也排除B,，
17. Why does Mania go into the mobile ice-cream business?
[A]【解析】題目問Maria進人流動冰激凌行業的原因，錄音中段提到，Maria進入流動冰激凌行業是想保留街區冰激凌卡車的傳統（preserve the tradition），并非為了賺錢，A與錄音相符。
18. Why does Manta put a donation bucket in her truck?
We know we have to pay for what we get. If we buy food, we have to pay for it. If a doctor treats us, we know there will be a bill to pay. These are private bills. But there are also public bills to be paid. They are paid by the government. In turn we get the needed services.
We pay for these services through taxes. What would happen if everyone stopped paying taxes? The water supply would stop; the streets might not be cleaned; schools would be closed. We would not want to live in such a city.  The chief duty of every government is to protect persons and property. More than three-fourths of government expenses are used for this purpose. The next largest amount of public money goes to teach and train our citizens. Billions of dollars each year are spent on schools and libraries. Also, a large amount of public funds is spent on roads. Most of the needed funds is raised by taxes. The law orders us to pay taxes. We have no choice in the matter.
 Years ago the government made money by selling public lands. But most of the best public lands have now been sold. There are still some public lands that contain oil, coal and other natural resources. They could be sold, but we want to save them for future years. So, we all must pay our share for the services that make our lives comfortable.
19. What does the speaker mainly talk about?
20. What is most of the government money used for?
[C]【解析】題目問政府大部分的錢用于什么地方。錄音中段提到，政府的主要職責是保護人民和財產，政府超過3/4的錢用于此目的。C項"保護人民生命和財產"與錄音相符。題干中的most與錄音中More than three-fourths一致.
【干擾項排除】A項"教育和培訓市民"，錄音提到，耗費公共資金第二多（The next largest amount）的是教育和培訓市民，但是考慮到"保護人民生命和財產"占了3/4，因此用于"教育和培訓市民"的資金屬于其余1/4公共資金的部分，與題目的most不符，可排除。B項"改善交通"和D項"興建醫院和公共圖書館"均未耗費政府大部分紫金，故也排除。
21. How did the government raise money to pay publicbills in the past?
 Did you know that, besides larger places like France and Germany, Europe is home to several extremely tiny countries??One of these countries contains less than a square mile of land. Another is surrounded on all sides by Italy. Yet each is an independent land, with its own government, trade, and customs.
One of the best known of these small countries is Monaco.  It is situated on the Mediterranean Sea and surrounded by France on three sides. Monaco became familiar to Americans when Prince Rainier, married the American actress Grace Kelly. Rainier’s family has ruled Monaco almost continuously since 1297. The land has been independent for overthree hundred years.
Andorra,with an area of some 200 square miles, is considerably larger than Monaco. This country is located in the Pyrenees Mountains, with France on one side and Spainon the other. Potatoes and tobacco are grown in Andorra's steep mountain valleys.  One of the products it exports is clothing. Andorra is also knownfor its excellent skiing locations.
Withinthe Alps in Central Europe is Liechtenstein, a tiny country of about 30,000 people who speak mostly German. Liechtenstein uses the same money as itsneighbor Switzerland, but it has been an independent country since the 1860s.Taxes are low; so many businesses have their headquarters here. The countrymakes and exports a lot of machinery.
Other small, independent states in Europe are San Marino and Luxembourg. Each ofthese has unique qualities as well.
22. What does the speaker say about Monaco?
23. Why did Monaco become familiar to Americansaccording to the speaker?
25. What does the speaker mainly talk about?