四級聽力解析 | 2016年12月四級真題(第二套)

    -回復 -瀏覽
    樓主 2021-01-06 13:14:47
    舉報 只看此人 收藏本貼 樓主


    Section A

    News Report One

    New York State plans to shut off the thundering waters of Niagara Falls—again. At least, the American side of the falls. This “once in a lifetime” event actually may take place twice in some folks ’lives. The New York State parks system wants to turn off the falls on the American side sometime in the next two to three years [1] to replace two 115-year-old stone bridges that allow pedestrians, park vehicles and utilities access to Goat Island.

    The American side of the falls were shut off in 1969 to study the build up of rock at the base of the falls. When that happened, people came from all over the world to see the falls turned off. People are curious by nature. They want to see what’s underneath. In fact, those who first came to have a look did see something. [2] They found millions of coins on the bottom.

    1. Why?does?New?York?State?want?to?turnoff Niagara?Falls?

    [B]【解析】本題問的是紐約州計劃關閉尼亞加拉大瀑布的原因。新聞中提到,紐約州公園系統計劃關閉位于美國境內的尼亞加拉大瀑布,以在未來兩到三年內換掉兩座115年歷史的石橋。B"換掉兩座古石橋"與新聞所述相符,故確定答案為B.

    【干擾項排除】A"滿足游客的好奇心。是對新聞信息的曲解,新聞中說的是1969年關閉瀑布時,人':出干對自然的好奇心,想看看瀑布的河底到底是什么,與本次關閉并無關系,可排除。C"允許游客參觀山羊島"D"改善該州的公用服務"屬于石橋的作用,并不
    是關閉瀑布的原因,故排除。
    2. What?did?people?find?when?Niagara?Falls?were ?shut?off?in?1969?

    D】【解析】本題問的是1969年關閉尼亞加拉大瀑布時人們有何發現。根據新聞可知,人們在瀑布河底發現數百萬個硬幣。D"河底有數百萬個硬幣"與錄音相符,故確定答案為D.

    【干擾項排除】A"數不盡的樹枝"、B"一些骨頭"C"許多失事的船只。均未在新聞中提及,故排除。


    News Report Two

    The Tunisian government said Monday that 45 people have been killed after gunmen attacked a town near the border with Libya.

    The Interior and Defense ministries said that [3] the Tunisian government has closed its two border crossings with Libya because of the attack.?The Tunisian military has sent reinforcements and helicopters to the area, and authorities have been hunting several attackers who were still at large. The violence came amid increasing international concern: about Islamic State extremists in Libya. Officials of the Tunisian government are especially worried after dozens of tourists were killed in the attacks in Tunisia last year.

    Defense Minister Farhat Horchani said last week that [4] German and American security experts were expected to come to help Tunisia devise a new electronic video supervision system on its border with Libya. Tunisia was targeted last year by three attacks that left 70 people dead and were claimed by Islamic State.

    3. What did the Tunisian government do after the gunmen’s attack?

    [C]【解析】本題問的是襲擊發生后,突尼斯政府采取的措施。根據新聞可知,內政部及國防部稱在襲擊發生后,突尼斯政府已經關閉了兩個與利比亞交界的邊境通道。C"關閉了兩個與利比亞交界的邊境通道"與新聞所述相符,故確定答案為C。

    【干擾項排除】A"中止與利比亞的外交關系"在錄音并未提及,應排除;B"敦促游客立即撤離突尼斯"D"發動對伊斯蘭國的猛烈攻擊"是利用新聞原詞tourists, Islamic State捏造的干擾選項,均與錄音不。

    4. What were German and American security experts expected to do in Tunisia?

    [D]【解析】本題問的是預計德國和美國的安全專家會在突尼斯采取什么措施。根據錄音,德國及美國的安全專家預計會幫助突尼斯設計一個新的電子錄像監控系統,安放在與利比亞交界的邊境上。D"設計一個監控系統安放在突尼斯與利比亞交界的邊境上"與新聞所述相符,故為答案。
    【干擾項排除】A"建議突尼斯公民如何采取安全預防措施"、B"追蹤造成恐怖襲擊的有關組織"C"為突尼斯政府訓練合格的安保人員"在新聞中均無依據,故排除。?

    ?

    News Report Three

    [5]Three university students in Santiago, Chile, have developed a plant-powered device to charge their mobile phones.

    [6] The three engineering students got the idea for the device while sitting in their schools courtyard. Their invention is a small biological circuit they call E-Kaia. [7] It captures the energy which plants produce during photosynthesis?— a process of converting sunlight into energy. A plant uses only a small part of the energy produced by that process. The rest goes into the soil. E-Kaia collects that energy. The device plugs into the ground and then into a mobile phone. The E-Kaia solved two problems for the engineering students. They needed an idea for a class project. They also needed an outlet to plug in their phones.

    One of the student inventors, Camila Rupcich, says the device changes the energy released from the plant into low-level power to charge phones. The E-Kaia is able to fully recharge a mobile phone in less than two hours.

    5. What did the three university students invent?

    [C]【解析】本題問的是三名大學生的發明是什么。新聞開頭提到,二名來自智利圣地亞哥的大學生開發出一種利用植物釋放能量來為手機充電的設備。C"一種利用植物能量的手機充電設備"與新聞所述相符,故為答案。

    【干擾項排除】A"一種環保電池"、B"一種節能手機"D"一種幫助植物吸收陽光的設備"均未在新聞中提及,故排除。

    6. When did they get the idea for the invention?

    [A]【解析】本題問的是三名學生何時產生發明該充電設備的想法。根據新聞內容可知,這三名工程專業學生是坐在學校院子里時萌生這一想法的。A"坐在學校院子里時"符合新聞所述,故確定答案為A.

    【干擾項排除】B"在玩手機游戲時"、C"在做教學題時"D"在做化學實驗時"均未在新聞中提及,故排除。

    7. What does the speaker say about the invention?

    [D]【解析】本題問的是對于該發明,講話者提到了什么。根據新聞內容可知,該設備可收集植物光合作用產生的能量。D"該設備收集植物釋放的能量"與新聞相符,故為答案。

    【干擾項排除】A"該設備提高了手機的應用"、C"該設備改善了手機的接收能力"在新聞中均未提及,應排除;B"該設備加快了光合作用的過程"是利用新聞原詞photosynthesis制造的干擾,但新聞中提到的是植物的光合作用是一個將陽光轉化為能量的過程,故排除。

    ?

    Section B

    Conversation One

    M: Good morning. What can I do for you?

    W: Good morning. Could I talk to Jeffry Harding please?

    M: Speaking.

    W: Hello, Jeff. It’s Helen. [8]?I got your message on the answering machine. What’s the problem?

    M: Oh, Helen. Well, it’s the Grimsby plant again, I’m afraid. The robots on Line 3 have gone wrong. And the line is at a standstill.

    W: Can't you replace them with the stand-ins?

    M: I’m afraid not. The stand-ins are already in use on line 6. And the ones from Line 6 are being serviced.

    W: When did this happen, Jeff?

    M: Well, they’ve been making a low continuous sound for a day or two. [9]?But they finally went dead at 2:30 this afternoon.

    W: I see. What did you do? Have you tried the whole plant?

    M: Not yet, Helen. [10]?I thought I’d better get your OK first.

    W: OK. Get on the phone to Tom, and try to get their stand-ins over tonight. We have to be back at full capacity tomorrow morning. Is it a major job to repair our robots?

    M: About a week. That’s what the maintenance engineer says.

    W: Right. Well, if you can get the ones from Hall, please ask Tom to inform Sheffield that he may need their stand-ins in case of emergency during the next week.

    M: OK. Thank you very much, Helen.

    W: You are most welcome.

    M: [11] Sorry to spoil your day off.

    W: It doesn’t matter.

    8. What?did?the?man?do?before?the?telephone conversation?
    [B]【解析】題目問男士在電話通話前做了什么。對話中,女士提到,她在電話答錄機上聽到了男士發來的消息,并問男士出了什么問題、由此可以得知,男士在電話通話前給女士打了電話,并給她留了口訊,B項與錄音相符,故為答案。

    【干擾項排除】A"他參觀T?Grimsby工廠的車間"中的visited錄音并未提到,可排除C"他用備明機器人替換了有生產線",錄音只提到3號生產線的機器人出現問題,并非所有生產線都出現了問題,所以all?lines與錄音不符,錄音中男士提到,維修工人說修好機器人需要一同時間,但這并不能推斷出,是男士叫了技術工人去修理損壞的生產線,故排除D項。
    9. What?does?the?man?say?about?line?3?in?the Grimsby?plant?
    [C]【解析】題目問關于Grimsby.廠的3號生產線,男士說了什么。錄音中,男士提到,3號生產線的機器人發出低沉連續的聲音已經有一兩天了,在今天下午2:30的時候,這些機器人不運轉了(went dead),?C?項的?stopped?working?completely?是錄音中went?dead的同義改寫,故C為答案,
    干擾項排除四個選項都是以It作為主語,結合關鍵production?line, assembles, stopped ?working可預測本題可能跟生產線有關。A"它是最先進的生產線"中的the?most modern錄音并未提及;B"它組裝超級智能機器人"在錄音中并無依據,可排除。D"它很快會被更新"中的upgraded在錄音中并未提及,可排除。

    10. What is the man’s purpose in calling the woman?

    [A] 【解析】題目問男士打電話給女士的目的。錄音中,男士提到,他認為自己應該先得到女士的許可(I thought I’d betterget your OK first),由此可知,男士打電話的目的是尋求女士的許可(to seek her permission),故A為答案。

    【干擾項排除】選項都為不定式結構,因此推測本題可能問目的、計劃等,@B"下訂單購買機器人。、C"請求女士馬上回來"D"詢問Tom的電話號碼"均未在錄音中提及,故排除,

    11. Where is the woman at the time of the conversation?

    [B]【解析】題目問,對話時女士在何處。錄音結尾處,男士提到,很抱歉打擾女士的休假。由此可知對話時,女士在休假,B中的關鍵詞day off是錄音原詞復現,故答案為B.

    【干擾項排除】四個選項都是女士的相關情況,結合出題順序規律,因此應留意結尾處提及的女士的情況。四A項的"on duty"上班。與錄音的day off"休假"剛好相反,可排除、錄音中只提到女士在休假,并未提及是sick leave"病假",排除C。D"她在國外出差"無錄音依據,也排除。

    ?

    Conversation Two

    W: This is Kerry Burke from New York Daily News. I’m speaking to Delroy Simmonds, an unemployed Brooklyn man who missed a job interview Tuesday for the best of reasons: [12] He was saving the life of a 9-month-old boy who was blown into the path of an oncoming subway train by a high wind.

    M: Everybody is making me out to be some sort of superhero. I’m just an ordinary person, and a father of two. Anybody in that situation would have done what I did.

    W: You were going to an interview, when the incident occurred, right?

    M: ?Yes. I was on my way to apply for a maintenance position. [l3] I’ve been looking for a job for a year and more.?I’m looking for something to support my family.

    W: Tell us what happened at the station.

    M: [l4] There was a strong wind. It had to be 30 to 40 miles an hour.There?was a woman?with? four?kids. One was in a pushchair. The wind blew the baby onto?the tracks.

    W: Witnesses said people were looking on in horror [15] as the child’s mother, identified by sources as Maria Zamara, stood frozen in shock. In the distance,? people could see the?? train rounding a bend, headed into the station. I guess you were not aware of any of ?these, right?

    M: No. I just jumped down and grabbed the baby. The train was coming around the comer as I lifted the baby from the tracks. I really wasn’t thinking.

    W: What an amazing story. Thank you very much.

    12. What did Kerry Burke from New York Daily News say about the man?

    [A]【解析】題目問,關于男士,女士說了什么。錄音開頭處,女士提到,男士救了一位幾個月大的小男孩的性命。A"他救了一位小男孩的性命"與錄音相符,故答案選A.

    【干擾項排除】四個選項的主語都是He,因此可推斷本題問男士的情況。B"他想成為一位超級英雄"與錄音男士提到的"我只是一位普通人" (I’m just an ordinary person)不符,可排除。Ctrain crash"火車相撞"在錄音中并未提到,可排除。男士是施救者,不是目擊者(witness),因此D也不正確。

    13. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

    [B]【解析】題目問我們可從對話中得知男士的什么情況。錄音中段,男士提到,他找工作找了一年多了,由此可知,男士是處于失業狀態,B"男士目前失業"與錄音相符。

    【干擾項排除】四個選項的主語還是He,因此本題仍與男士的情況有關,應留意相關的內容。A"他有一位九個月大的兒子",錄音提到的是他救了一位九個月大的小男孩。男士確實有兩個小孩,但并未提及年齡性別,因此A排除。C"他喜歡該采訪",錄音并未提及相關內容,故排除C。D"他坐地鐵上下班",錄音提及男士處于失業狀態、因此不可能坐地鐵上下班,故排除D。

    14. What caused the incident?

    [c]【解析】題目問是什么導致了該事件。錄音中,女士問發生了什么,男士回答,有一股時速達3040英里的強風把小男孩吹到了軌道上,由此可見,是強風造成了該事件,故選C。

    【干擾項排除】A項的rock"巖石"在錄音中并未提及,可首先排除。錄音中只提到一位孩子在推車中,但并未提到該推車擺放位置不對,故B項不能選。錄音并未提到car"汽車",因此D"一輛超速的汽車"也不能選。

    15. How did the mother react when the incident occurred?

    [A]【解析】題目問事故發生時,母親有何反應。錄音提到,事故發生時,男孩的母親驚嚇得站在那里一動不動 (stood frozen in shock), A 項中的 motionless是錄音frozen的同義表達,故選A.

    【干擾項排除】①四個選項都以She作主語,結合選項關鍵詞cried Bitterly, called the police, shouted for help可推斷本題可能與某位女士在發生某事后的反應有關。②B項"她痛苦大哭"、C項"她馬上報警"和D"她呼喊人們幫助她"在錄音中均未提及,可排除。

    ?

    Section C

    Passage one

    There’s one sound that gets a big reaction from kids on a hot day, the sound of an ice-cream truck. Maria McCartney has been in the mobile ice-cream business since 2005.

    [16] “When I was a little girl, I saw an ice-cream truck and knew I wanted to have one someday,” McCartney said.

    During the hot days of summer, Maria and her daughter drive an ice-cream truck through neighborhoods and parks in Billings. It’s not about making money for this former elementary school teacher. Rather, [17] she wants to preserve the tradition of the neighborhood ice-cream truck.

    “Truly my favorite part is to see the kids jumping up and down and they just get so excited. It’s great to build a memory for them too. There’s not a lot f these ice-cream trucks around anymore. The parents come out bare foot and screaming, ready to buy ice-cream; they remember when they were?? kids and they saw a truck she said. While the treats may be ice cold, Maria has a warm heart for??? little faces. [18] Her truck features a donation bucket for kids who don’t have money for ice-cream.

    “When there are three kids and only two of them have money, I always make sure the third one gets something because I can’t drive away and have that third one not have something,” she said.

    16. What does the speaker say about Maria McCartney?

    [D]【解析】題目問關于Maria McCartney,講話者提到了什么。錄音開頭部分,McCartney說到,在她還是小女孩的時候,地就知道自己想要一輛冰激凌卡車,D與錄音相符,。

    【干擾項排除】選項都是以She為主語,結合ice-cream business, ice-cream truck等關鍵詞可推測本題可能與某女士的冰激凌生意或冰激凌卡車有關。A"她繼承了家族在比林斯的冰激凌生意"C"她創業做冰激凌生意是為了供女兒讀書"在錄音中均來提及,可排除。錄音并未將她對冰激凌生意和對在小學教書的愛作對比,故也排除B,,

    17. Why does Mania go into the mobile ice-cream business?

    [A]【解析】題目問Maria進人流動冰激凌行業的原因,錄音中段提到,Maria進入流動冰激凌行業是想保留街區冰激凌卡車的傳統(preserve the tradition),并非為了賺錢,A與錄音相符。

    【干擾項排除】B"為了讓她女兒開心"、C"幫助當地教育"在錄音中并未提及、可排除,D"為了多賺點錢“”、錄音中提及Maria并不是為了賺錢,故D不對。

    18. Why does Manta put a donation bucket in her truck?

    [C]【解析】題目問Maria在她的冰激凌卡車上放一個捐贈桶的原因。錄音提到,Maria的卡車上有個捐贈桶,為了讓那些沒錢的孩子也能吃上冰激凌,C與錄音相符。,

    【干擾項排除】四個選項都是不定式,因此預測題目與目的或計劃等相關。錄音中明確提到女士并不是為了賺錢,排除A"為了擴張業務而籌錢。”B"為了讓她的冰激凌卡車對孩子們有吸引力"D"為了教會孩子們互助的價值"均未在錄音中提及,故排除。

    ?

    Passage Two

    We know we have to pay for what we get. If we buy food, we have to pay for it. If a doctor treats us, we know there will be a bill to pay. These are private bills. But there are also public bills to be paid. They are paid by the government. In turn we get the needed services.

    We pay for these services through taxes. What would happen if everyone stopped paying taxes? The water supply would stop; the streets might not be cleaned; schools would be closed. We would not want to live in such a city. [20] The chief duty of every government is to protect persons and property. More than three-fourths of government expenses are used for this purpose. The next largest amount of public money goes to teach and train our citizens. Billions of dollars each year are spent on schools and libraries. Also, a large amount of public funds is spent on roads. Most of the needed funds is raised by taxes. The law orders us to pay taxes. We have no choice in the matter.

    [21] Years ago the government made money by selling public lands. But most of the best public lands have now been sold. There are still some public lands that contain oil, coal and other natural resources. They could be sold, but we want to save them for future years. So, we all must pay our share for the services that make our lives comfortable.

    19. What does the speaker mainly talk about?

    [A]【解析】本題為主旨題。錄音開篇便以買食物和享受醫療服務,需要花錢來引出主題——我們需要交稅以得到所需的公共服務;中間部分提到不交稅的后果,以及稅金帶給我們哪些服務,錄音結尾部分提及,我們所有人必須交稅,以讓我們的生活更舒適。由此可見,這篇小短文主要是交稅的理由,故選A,,

    【干擾項排除】B"錢能買到的各種服務。只是開篇部分提到的內容,不足以概括全文。C"普通市民的各種負擔"D"金錢在現代社會的作用"在錄音中均來提及,可排除。

    20. What is most of the government money used for?

    [C]【解析】題目問政府大部分的錢用于什么地方。錄音中段提到,政府的主要職責是保護人民和財產,政府超過3/4的錢用于此目的。C"保護人民生命和財產"與錄音相符。題干中的most與錄音中More than three-fourths一致.

    【干擾項排除】A"教育和培訓市民",錄音提到,耗費公共資金第二多(The next largest amount)的是教育和培訓市民,但是考慮到"保護人民生命和財產"占了3/4,因此用于"教育和培訓市民"的資金屬于其余1/4公共資金的部分,與題目的most不符,可排除。B"改善交通"D"興建醫院和公共圖書館"均未耗費政府大部分紫金,故也排除。

    21. How did the government raise money to pay publicbills in the past?

    [B]【解析】題目問政府過去如何籌錢來支付公共費用。錄音結尾部分提到,數年前,政府通過出售國有土地來籌錢,因此B"通過出售國有土地"為正確答案。

    【干擾項排除】選項均為"By+動名詞短語",因此推測本題問的是方式。A"通過募捐"C"通過發售國債"在錄音中均未提及,可排除。D"通過開采自然資源",錄音結尾提到,盡管這些富含資源的土地可以出售,但是我們需為未來節省這些資源,可見政府過去并不是通過開采自然資源來籌款,故排除D。

    ?

    PassageThree

    [25] Did you know that, besides larger places like France and Germany, Europe is home to several extremely tiny countries??One of these countries contains less than a square mile of land. Another is surrounded on all sides by Italy. Yet each is an independent land, with its own government, trade, and customs.

    One of the best known of these small countries is Monaco. [22] It is situated on the Mediterranean Sea and surrounded by France on three sides.[23] Monaco became familiar to Americans when Prince Rainier, married the American actress Grace Kelly. Rainier’s family has ruled Monaco almost continuously since 1297. The land has been independent for overthree hundred years.

    Andorra,with an area of some 200 square miles, is considerably larger than Monaco. This country is located in the Pyrenees Mountains, with France on one side and Spainon the other. Potatoes and tobacco are grown in Andorra's steep mountain valleys. [24] One of the products it exports is clothing. Andorra is also knownfor its excellent skiing locations.

    Withinthe Alps in Central Europe is Liechtenstein, a tiny country of about 30,000 people who speak mostly German. Liechtenstein uses the same money as itsneighbor Switzerland, but it has been an independent country since the 1860s.Taxes are low; so many businesses have their headquarters here. The countrymakes and exports a lot of machinery.

    Other small, independent states in Europe are San Marino and Luxembourg. Each ofthese has unique qualities as well.


    22. What does the speaker say about Monaco?

    [D]【解析】題目問關于摩納哥,講話者提到了什么。錄音提到,摩納哥位于地中海岸,三面被法國包圍,D"它三面被法國包圍"與錄音相符,故選D

    【干擾項排除】位干歐洲大陸中心的是列支敦士登,據此排除A。錄音中并未提到tourism"旅游業",故B"它很依賴作為其主要收入來源的旅游業"也排除錄。錄音開頭提到,有的國家面積不足一平方英里,但并未指明是摩納哥,故C也不能選。

    23. Why did Monaco become familiar to Americansaccording to the speaker?

    [B]【解析】題目問美國人別摩納哥變得熟悉的原因。錄音提到,美國人對摩納哥變得熟悉是由于其統治者雷尼爾親王娶了美國女演員格蕾絲·凱利,B項與錄音相符,故為答案。
    【干擾項排除】A"它的美景常為美國媒體提及"、C"這是許多美國電影的拍攝地"D"這是美國人喜歡去旅游的一個地方"均未提及,故都排除。
    24. What?is?one?of?the?products?Andorra?exports?
    [D]【解析】題目問安道爾的一種出口產品是什么。錄音中段提到,衣服是安道爾的一種出口產品,故選D.

    【干擾項排除】錄音提到,在安道爾種植了A"煙草"B"土豆",但并未提及這兩種產品是出口產品,故不能選。C"機器"是列支敦士登的出口產品,與安道爾無關,也不能選。

    25. What does the speaker mainly talk about?

    [C]【解析】題目問講話者主要談論了什么。錄音開頭便用問句引出歐洲有許多小國家的話題,接著講到了摩納哥、安道爾、列支敦士登,結尾提到了圣馬力諾

    和盧森堡等其他獨立小國家。由此可見,講話者主要談論的是C"歐洲的小國家"。

    【干擾項排除】A"歐洲歷史"。、B"歐洲地理"D"歐洲旅游景點"均不是短文主要談論的,可排除。

    我要推薦
    轉發到
    cp彩票